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A world first: Bosch creates a map that uses radar signals for automated driving

A world first: Bosch creates a map that uses radar signals for automated driving

Bosch and the Dutch map and traffic information provider TomTom have achieved a breakthrough in the development of high-resolution maps for automated driving. The supplier of technology and services has become the first worldwide to create a localization layer using radar signals – which will be indispensable for maps like these. So far, video data has been used for this purpose. Bosch’s “radar road signature” is made up of billions of individual reflection points.

These are formed everywhere that radar signals hit – for example, on crash barriers or road signs – and reproduce the course a road takes. Automated vehicles can use the map to determine their exact location in a lane down to a few centimeters. “The radar road signature is a milestone on the path towards automated driving. It will enable automated vehicles to reliably determine their location at all times,” says Bosch board of management member Dr. Dirk Hoheisel. The huge advantage of Bosch’s radar road signature is its robustness: unlike maps that rely exclusively on video data for vehicle localization, the radar road signature also works reliably at night and in conditions of poor visibility. Moreover, the Bosch radar road signature only transmits five kilobytes of data to a cloud per kilometer – this data volume is twice as high using a video map. It is expected that by 2020 at the latest, the first vehicles will provide data for the radar road signature in Europe and the U.S.

Bosch and TomTom have been collaborating since 2015
“We are delighted to be able to introduce supplemental localization data in the form of the radar road signature in partnership with Bosch. It will make self-localization for automated vehicles considerably more robust in every respect,” says TomTom’s CEO Harold Goddijn. The two companies have been working intensively on the radar road signature and its integration into TomTom’s high-resolution overall map since the beginning of their collaboration in July 2015. Bosch is a global market leader in the field of radar sensors with 77-gigahertz technology and detection ranges of up to 250 meters. By comparison, video sensors only have a maximum detection range of 150 meters. The main challenge was finding a way to adapt existing radar sensors for this task. When used in a driver assistance system such as automatic emergency braking systems or adaptive cruise control (ACC), the sensors detect moving objects. But in order to generate the radar road signature, they also need to be able to detect static objects, which meant that existing radar sensors had to be modified. The next generation of Bosch radar sensors will be able to provide the data required for the radar road signature. “Cars arriving on the market in years to come with the assistance functions of tomorrow will be running the map for the automated vehicles of the future,” Hoheisel says.

One million vehicles will keep the high-resolution map up to date
High-resolution maps are essential for automated driving and provide information that goes beyond the area that sensors are able to monitor. Unlike maps for today’s navigation devices, they are made up of a number of overlapping layers:

  • Localization layer: An automated vehicle can determine its position in a lane by using a localization layer comprising the Bosch radar road signature plus an additional video localization map. It compares information about objects that it has received via its surround sensors using the corresponding information from the localization layer. In this way, the vehicle can determine its relative position to these objects.
  • Planning layer: The planning layer is used to calculate individual maneuvers during automated driving (trajectory planning). The planning layer also contains information about the course of the road, traffic signs and speed limits, as well as bends and gradients. An automated vehicle can use the planning layer, for example, to decide when it should change lanes.
  • Dynamic layer: Information about any rapidly changing traffic situations such as traffic jams, construction work and hazards, or available parking spaces is saved in the dynamic layer.

Each of these layers of a high-resolution map for automated driving need to be regularly updated – the dynamic layer even in real time. “We currently expect that we will need fleets for freeways in Europe, North America, and Asia Pacific that each consist of around one million vehicles in order to keep our high-resolution map up to date,” says Hoheisel. Current data for each of the layers will be generated by the vehicles’ on-board sensors while they are driving. Communication boxes such as Bosch’s Connectivity Control Unit will transmit the radar sensors’ data from the vehicles to the manufacturers’ cloud and then on to the Bosch IoT Cloud. Bosch will use this to create the radar road signature, which is compatible with all conventional map formats. TomTom’s responsibilities will include integrating the radar road signature in the overall map and distributing it.

2017061804 / 18.06.2017 / Electromobility / BOSCH /

More than meets the eye: Bosch enables the next generation of smartglasses 
More than meets the eye: Bosch enables the next generation of smartglasses
At CES® in Las Vegas, Nevada, Bosch Sensortec launches an innovative optical Light Drive system for smartglasses. The Bosch Smartglasses Light Drive module is a sole source, all-in-one technology stack consisting of MEMS mirrors, optical elements, sensors, and onboard processing. This integrated solution delivers a clean visual experience with bright images that are always in focus – even in direct sunlight.
.....
Better than a pair of eyes: Bosch camera with AI for driver assistance and automated driving
Bosch aims to be market leader for camera technology
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From the wind tunnel to the sidewalk: Bosch is bringing smart electrical drives to strollers
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Bosch presents tomorrow’s mobility today
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Bosch presents tomorrow’s mobility today 
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World’s longest sea-crossing bridge opens operations in emerging ‘Chinese Silicon Valley’ region
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Artificial intelligence: Germans see no reason to fear robot coworkers
Bosch presents survey on the eve of an AI conference
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Artificial intelligence: Germans see no reason to fear robot coworkers 
Bosch and Daimler: San José targeted to become pilot city for an automated on-demand ride-hailing service 
Bosch and Daimler: San José targeted to become pilot city for an automated on-demand ride-hailing service
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Semiconductors – market of the future: Bosch is growing faster than the market
Driving force in the automotive industry
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Semiconductors – market of the future: Bosch is growing faster than the market 
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Bosch gets the world’s first curved instrument cluster on the road
World debut in the “Innovision Cockpit” of the new Volkswagen Touareg
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SiTime and Bosch accelerate innovation in MEMS Timing for 5G and IoT
SiTime Corporation, a leading provider of MEMS timing, and Bosch, a global supplier of technology and services, announced a strategic technology partnership to accelerate innovation in micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) timing. SiTime will work with Bosch to develop processes for next-generation MEMS resonator products.
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SiTime and Bosch accelerate innovation in MEMS Timing for 5G and IoT 
Automated driving in cities: Bosch and Daimler select Nvidia AI platform 
Automated driving in cities: Bosch and Daimler select Nvidia AI platform
Automated vehicles are complex computers on wheels. And they need even more computing power if they are to negotiate city traffic automatically, with input sourced from an array of disparate surround sensors.
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Fifty years ago: Bosch makes gasoline injection electronic
It was a top secret mission. No customers from the automotive industry were to find out about the revolutionary technology the Bosch engineers were working on. When Bosch associates bought the first test vehicle in 1959, it was declared to be a regular company car. In reality, it was refitted as a test vehicle for the secret project: electronic gasoline injection. Each time before it was taken in for servicing, according to the engineer Heinrich Knapp, the vehicle was refitted with its original carburetor so that automakers would not suspect what Bosch had in mind.
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Fifty years ago: Bosch makes gasoline injection electronic 
New hybrid battery from Bosch – 48 volts is a recipe for success 
New hybrid battery from Bosch – 48 volts is a recipe for success
Bosch’s new 48-volt battery for hybrids is in demand by automakers across the globe. Similar to the Bosch e-axle, this innovative 48-volt battery is standardized for easy integration into new vehicle models. Established manufacturers and start-ups alike can thus eliminate long and expensive development processes.
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Bosch and Daimler demonstrate driverless parking in real-life conditions
World premiere in parking garage of the Mercedes-Benz Museum
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Bosch and Daimler demonstrate driverless parking in real-life conditions 
A world first: Bosch creates a map that uses radar signals for automated driving
A world first: Bosch creates a map that uses radar signals for automated driving
Bosch and the Dutch map and traffic information provider TomTom have achieved a breakthrough in the development of high-resolution maps for automated driving. The supplier of technology and services has become the first worldwide to create a localization layer using radar signals – which will be indispensable for maps like these. So far, video data has been used for this purpose. Bosch’s “radar road signature” is made up of billions of individual reflection points.
.....
Bosch study shows: more safety, more efficiency, more free time with connected mobility
Connected mobility will mean fewer accidents, less fuel consumption, less stress.
.....
Bosch study shows: more safety, more efficiency, more free time with connected mobility
Bosch is working with international research partners to develop a new modular manufacturing system 
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A research consortium led by Bosch is developing a novel industrial manufacturing concept. The nine partners on the ReCaM project aim to create a highly versatile manufacturing system. Such systems are needed because production times in modern manufacturing are becoming ever shorter. In addition, demand for customized products is increasing, and the number of variants with it.
.....
Machine monitoring with smart sensors
Headed by Bosch, seven partners are collaborating on a project, called AMELI 4.0, to develop the sensor system of the future for connected manufacturing, or Industry 4.0. The system is intended to monitor machines and immediately detect deviations from their normal operating status. With the system’s help, factories can go a long way toward preventing machines from having unplanned downtimes.
.....
Machine monitoring with smart sensors 
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